Lišov, southern part of central Slovakia; Krupina district, border of Nitra and Bansko-Bystrica self-governing regions.
Lišov is located in the southern part of central Slovakia, on the border of the Nitra and Banská Bystrica self-governing regions, in the historical region of Hont. The Hont region is well known to tourists thanks to its lively folk traditions, rural architecture and viticulture, which is famous for its specific local autochthonous grape varieties. The landscape has a typical rural character. Lišov has preserved folk houses and there are specific rock dwellings carved into the tuff rocks of the volcanic mountain range (Krupina plateau).
Today's territory of the village was inhabited by Neolithic cultures and also in the younger Bronze Age. The first written mention of a medieval village dates back to the second half of the 13th century. Farming, specifically viticulture and stonemasonry, were typical livelihood activities in the past. The countryside in Slovakia generally suffers from depopulation. However, this is not the case in Lišov. The population is predominantly of the productive age group and no population decline has been observed over the last 20 years. These predispositions of the rural environment, among other factors, stimulated the establishment of the Civic Association (CA) Lišov Museum in 2015. Over the last 7 years, the OZ Lišov Museum has become popular and attracts foreign visitors. This means that the hitherto unnoticed but picturesque village of Lišov has become known far beyond the borders of the region and Slovakia.
The house in which the museum is housed is called the Lišovská Izba (traditionally furnished folk room). The traditionally furnished folk room has the character of a museum exhibition. Since 2009 it has been included in the register of the Slovak National Museum. OZ Lišov Museum was founded by Jakub Dvorský, Adriana Patková and Martin David Clark in 2015 as a non-profit non-governmental organization. The museum house was originally built in 1916. In the past, it was inhabited by large large families.
Thanks to the cultural events and festivals associated with the Lišov Museum, the village is known to tourists beyond the borders of the Hont region. The Lišov Museum has also financed the creation of the Masks Gallery, which contains an interesting collection of masks from different countries around the world, which also attracts foreign visitors.
The Lišov Museum operates as an innovative community organisation providing educational tourism in the small village of Lišov. OZ Lišov Museum provides tourist educational activities and services in its three buildings; the first is a traditional Lišov Folk House called "Lišov Room" and showcases typical local and regional architectural features in a room that is decorated in a rural folk style; the second is a replica of a Celtic dwelling; and the third is the Mask Gallery, which houses a small shop with handmade products from local craftsmen, artists, and farmers. The Lišov Museum Association is currently working on the restoration of the 1887 house. Original materials such as clay, stone and wood are being used for the renovation. In the future, it is planned that there will be a café. The Lišov Museum is actively involved in educational activities funded by the ERASMUS+ programme and several exchanges have been carried out annually through this grant programme. The educational tourism business strategy combines innovative aspects that interact with expert knowledge of local and regional history and traditions. This core activity is further diversified into services provided directly in the three buildings.
Trade with local products creates the basis for further promotion of local products by tourists visiting other regions of Slovakia and abroad. In this way they can share their experiences with other potential visitors. Trade in local products is a very important element of the circular economy, which is beneficial for the revival of weak economic activities in remote and economically marginalised villages, as is also the case in Lišov. The Lišov Museum organises various events and festivals. Very impressive are the Christmas markets that are organised in the museum complex.
The museum in Lišov emphasizes the sustainability of business activities, which means the use of local materials and the use of inherited craftsmanship skills and goods produced in the village or region. Ultimately, all these sustainable activities support the quality of the landscape and add value to the rural environment.
The preserved folk architecture and traditionally farmed agricultural landscape create valuable landscape features that increase the attractiveness of the landscape for tourists compared to commercially farmed agricultural landscapes with monocultures and large blocks of fields. In addition, traditional landscapes have significant natural values and are rich in biodiversity.
The OZ Lišov Museum has also become popular through its website and social networks: firstname.lastname@example.org www.lisovmuzeum.sk.
What key success factors would Jakub Dvorský, co-founder and current director of the Lišov Museum, like to share with others?
Tran is a region in Central Western Bulgaria and borders the Republic of Serbia.
Once the town of Trаn was the main town / center of the district, but today it is a small municipality, including 52 settlements (51 villages and the town of Trаn.) It is located 70 km. west of the capital Sofia.
Municipality of Tran is defined as a mountain region, it has a key geographical position - on the border with the Republic of Serbia, located in a uniquely beautiful and clean natural environment, with many cultural, historical, and religious monuments and natural resources. Tran region has the potential and prerequisites to become an attractive tourist destination, to attract suitable investors and to provide employment opportunities for local people and young entrepreneurs.
One of the symbols of Tran is the rock chapel of St. Petka.
Interesting places to visit are the villages of “Busintsi” and “Studen Izvor” with the museums of ceramics and yogurt, and the biggest natural phenomenon is the gorge of the river Erma.
Despite the low development of tourist infrastructure (and maybe thanks to that!) Tran region is visited by lots of mountain tourists with its many opportunities for hiking, trekking and adventure sports.
In Tran region there are great conditions for mountain tourism. A Tran eco-trail has been built near the town. The most famous route is to Mount Rui, the highest in the area, which offers a wonderful view of the whole region. Rui Mountain is the most impressive in the municipality of Tran, and the peak is 1706 m high, as the border line between Bulgaria and Serbia and Montenegro passes along the very ridge of the peak. From there is a magnificent view in all directions.
Several definitely interesting caves await their researchers for adventure tourism.
Some of the favorite places for rest of the locals and tourists are the Vrabcha waterfall under the rocks before the village of Vrabcha, as well as the chapel of the Holy Mother of God after the village of Mramor. Tourists, who stay in a tent in the summer on the meadows in the forest, claim that at night they really understand what it means "the stars to land on your heads"!
Many ancient and forgotten fortresses in the Tran region await their visitors, one of the most preserved is Kaleto above the village of Filipovtsi, and in the heart of Znepole rises a whole ancient and unexplored city - the fortress Zeman (Zemun) between Yarlovtsi and Zelenigrad, at the foot of which the ancient the Romans built mineral baths, used by the locals even at the beginning of the last century.
Turning your personal interest into fun! Go local traveling
This website has been accomplished during the project "Escape2 - Supporting the Development of Transnational Thematic Tourism Strategy", Grant Agreement no. 2020-1-ES01-KA202-082418, implemented with financial support of the European Commission by the Erasmus+ Programme.
This publication reflects the views only of the author, therefore the European Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.